Pharyngitis is the commonest cause of simple "sore throat". It may be due to infective or other causes. Viral infections include coryza, influenza, adenovirus, herpes simplex, measles, rubella, chickenpox, Coxsackie and echoviruses. Bacterial pathogens such as streptococci, Staphylococci, Penumococci, H. Influenzae, C. diphtheriae, fusobacterium, gonococci and T. Pallidum and fungi such as Candida albicans may lead to pharyngitis. In agranulocytosis and acute leukemia, necrotic ulceration of the tonsils and pharynx may be the presenting symptom. Excessive smoking, noxious fumes, corrosive and unaccustomed spicy foods are common irritants. Pharyngitis may also be caused by allergy to inhaled or ingested allergens.
Nursing Diagnosis for Pharyngitis
1. Acute pain related to inflammation of the throat.
2. Ineffective airway clearance related to thick secretions characterized by difficulty in breathing.
3. Imbalance nutrition less than body requirements related to difficulty swallowing.
4. Knowledge Deficit related to not familiar with the sources of information.