Nursing Care Plan for Chickenpox

Nursing Diagnosis for Chickenpox

Chickenpox is an infectious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus infection. The disease is transmitted aerogen.


Incubation time

When exposed to the plague within 2 to 3 weeks. this can be characterized by the body feels hot but not fever.


Symptoms

Initially, patients may feel a slight fever, runny nose, quickly feel tired, lethargic, and weak. These symptoms are typical for a viral infection. In more severe cases, you can also get joint pain, headache and dizziness. A few days later occurred the redness of the skin that is small for the first time found around the chest and abdomen or buttocks, followed arise member and facial movements.

Redness of the skin is then turned into the eject containing liquid with a thin wall. This rash may feel a bit of pain or itching that can be accidentally hit. If recoil is left then immediately dried up scab and it will be missed and leave spots on darker skin (hyperpigmentation). These spots will gradually fade until some time later, they will not leave the container again.

Another case where the eject chickenpox is broken. Krusta soon to be formed over the dry longer. These conditions facilitate bacterial infection occurs on former scratch now. after drying container will eliminate chickenpox earlier in containers. Especially if patients are adults or young adults, the former will be more difficult chickenpox disappear.


Quarantine time

For 5 days after the rash appears and until all starting blisters have scab. During quarantine sufferers should still shower as usual, because of the germs that are on the skin will be menginfeksi skin is exposed to chicken pox. To avoid any potential loss of confidential scar should avoid breakage eject chickenpox. When drying the body after a bath should not rub with the towel too hard. To avoid irritation, should be given containing menthol powder talk to reduce friction that occurs on the skin so that the skin is more irritated. For having sensitive skin can also use the powder salycil talk that does not contain bulbs. Make sure you are always consuming nutritious food to accelerate the healing process itself. Consumption of fruits that contain vitamin C such as guava and red tomato juice can be made.


Prevention

Immunizations are available for children older than 12 months. Vaccination is also recommended for people over the age of 12 years who do not have immunity, or those who have never been exposed to this disease, because adults affected with this disease, usually more severe and can sometimes be unconscious. For those who were over the age of 50 years should be vaccinated again.


Nursing Diagnosis

  1. Hypertermia related to the disease.
  2. Impaired Skin Integrity related to mechanical factors (eg stress, tear, friction)
  3. Disturbed Body Image related to lesions on the skin.
  4. Deficient Knowledge: about the condition and treatment needs.
  5. Risk for Infection related to damage skin tissue.

Related Articles :