Nursing Care Plan for COPD


Anaemia is a condition in which the number of red blood cells or their oxygen-carrying capacity is insufficient to meet physiologic needs, which vary by age, sex, altitude, smoking, and pregnancy status.

The word anemia is taken from a Greek word meaning lack of blood as hemoglobin deficiency prevails in the blood. Hemoglobin present inside the red blood cells normally carries oxygen from lungs to the tissues and anemia causes hypoxia in organs.

Anemia can be mild, moderate, or severe, and this condition can be caused by many different factors. In this condition your body does not have an adequate number of red blood cells present, and if the condition is severe it can lead to serious complications or even be fatal in some cases.

Anemia signs and symptoms are:
1. Paleness
2. Headache
3. Irritability

Symptoms of more severe iron deficiency anaemia include:
1. Dyspnea
2. Rapid heartbeat
3. Brittle hair and nails

Nursing Diagnosis for Anemia

1. Ineffective Tissue Perfusion related to decrease in the cellular components required for the delivery of oxygen / nutrients to the cells.

2. Fatigue related to an imbalance between oxygen supply (delivery) and demand.

3. Risk for infection related to inadequate secondary defenses.

4. Anxiety related to change in health status.

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