Nursing Diagnosis and Nursing Intervention

Pediatric Nursing

Pediatric nursing or child health nursing is the specialty nursing care of babies, children and adolescents. A nurse who specializes in this area is usually referred to as a pediatric nurse. Although there are many regional and sub-specialty variations in title. The spelling paediatric nursing is more common in English-speaking countries outside the United States. (wikipedia)

Pediatric Nurses provide care to infants, children and adolescents. After graduating from nursing school (at a college, university, or hospital) with either an associate or bachelor's degree in nursing, they take an exam called the NCLEX to become licensed as a registered nurse (RN). The nurse then specializes in pediatrics by finding employment in a healthcare setting that serves pediatric patients. This setting could be a hospital clinic, school, doctor's office, emergency room, hospital floor or intensive care unit. Pediatric nurses know a lot about the growth and development of children, and they need to be skilled at communication with both their patients and caregivers. (

Nanda Nursing Diagnosis

Simple Ways to Eliminate Acne at Home

Simple Ways to Eliminate Acne at Home
All human dreams is like to have a clean face, smooth, and free from acne. It looks like acne is deeply ivory in humans, because almost everyone in this world can not be separated with this one issue, namely acne. It was difficult to accept these skin problems on the face, because the appearance of acne can change everything in terms of looks, a sense of lack of confidence, a sense of inferiority and shame with face full of acne. Usually acne is prone to oily face, because the face is oily when touched with dirty hands then, little by little pimples appear on the face like that. A lot of people who gave up his money was gone for treatment for acne on his face, but there are also people who do simple cure to get rid of acne. With treatment and spend money to disappear acne, acne seems to be quickly lost, because it is handled by a professional person, whereas with a simple way of pimples healing properties are no different to people who went to the doctor, but aga long to get rid of acne between 1 to 14 the acne will disappear in a simple way.

The appearance of acne can be caused by two factors, among others:

The first factor, acne will come through heredity, Why? If one parent either father or mother who has acne on his face, then his chances will experience acne age range 13 to 16/17 years.

The second factor, acne also will appear with lifestyle, means? Someone who can not control include lifestyle, irregular diet, eating foods that can cause acne, such as fried foods, meats, and foods containing oils, and irregular sleep patterns, means? Incompatibility with activity breaks conclusion, someone who is more activity to stay up and rested only 1 to 2 hours will trigger the appearance of acne.

Both of these factors were significantly associated with the appearance of acne .

Now we will discuss methods of healing acne from simpl.
  • Reduce foods containing oils , such as eggs , fried foods , meat , satay , and all foods containing oil , as it can trigger acne .
  • Begin meals with nutritious foods and start with vegetarians , such as vegetables , fruits , little by little acne goes away by itself .
  • Reduce or sleep staying up too late , get used to sleep between the hours of 9 am to 10 pm , and more sleep during the day .
  • Avoid solving acne with dirty hands and do not solve the acne that will break by itself ( Acne , which is white ) because it can cause the face to be damaged and perforated . Let stand for acne it will break by itself and do not solve the acne memakasakan our hands .
  • Not too much mind , it is one of the causes of acne triggers .
  • Try eating garlic before afternoon showers if you can not eat garlic , try garlic slices to small and apply on acne affected face and wait for 3 to 4 minutes , then rinse with water and soap . it is very helpful to eliminate acne fairly quickly with time .
  • Apply toothpaste on acne affected face before bed and leave overnight toothpaste attach to the front of you , the next day rinse with water and soap . Do not use the transparent toothpaste.
  • Pluck the strings skillfully Aloe Vera plant , Abillah mucus from the aloe vera and apply on acne affected face , wait for 3 to 4 minutes , then rinse with water and soap .
  • This is the most important thing , especially oily face usually in the afternoon or evening to face felt sticky and shiny face when exposed to sunlight during the day and evening , you do not touching the face when the crate situation , but washing your hands and rinse your face with water and soap until it looks clean .

Nursing Diagnosis - Impaired Swallowing related to Dysphagia

Dysphagia is difficulty in swallowing process and skip the food from the esophagus to the stomach. Causes of dysphagia can be various kinds. It is important to know the difference dysphagia due to oropharyngeal and esophageal disorders.

Dysphagia can be found on some of the causes that can cause the condition include:
  • Stroke
  • Progressive neurological disease
  • The lapse trachestomy
  • Paralise or absence of movement of the vocal cords
  • Tumors in the mouth
  • Head surgery
At regurgitation is often caused by acid that rises from the stomach (acid reflux). Regurgitation can also be caused by a narrowing (stricture) or blockage of the esophagus. Where blockage can occur due to several causes, including cancer of the esophagus, by impaired nerve control valve in the esophagus and the mouth of the stomach.

Impaired Swallowing Definition :
Abnormal functioning of the swallowing mechanism associated with deficits in oral, pharyngeal, or esophageal structure or function

Nursing Diagnosis for Dysphagia

Impaired swallowing related to weakness of the muscles due to paralise.

Expected results:
Patients can demonstrate the proper method of ingest food without causing despair

  • Review the patient's ability to swallow, note the extent of facial paralysis.
  • Increase efforts to be able to perform effective ingestion such as helping the patient hold his head.
  • Place the patient in a sitting position / upright during and after eating.
  • Stimulation lips to open and close the mouth manually by pressing lightly on the lips / under the chin.
  • Place the food in the mouth is not sick / impaired.
  • Most in touch with the cheeks spatel tongue to detect weaknesses.
  • Give eat slowly in a quiet environment.
  • Start by giving oral semi-liquid foods, soft foods when the patient can swallow water.
  • Help the patient to choose foods that are small or do not need to chew and easy to swallow.
  • Instruct the patient to use a straw to drink liquids.
  • Encourage you to participate in an exercise program.

Acne - 5 Nursing Interventions

Acne - 5 Nursing Interventions
NCP - Acne Nursing Diagnosis and Interventions

1. Disturbed Body Image related to inflammation.

  • Encourage clients to express feelings about his illness. Maintain a positive approach, avoid insulting expression or reaction suddenly changes.
  • Be realistic and positive during treatment, the health education.

2. Anxiety related to Acne.

  • Encourage the patient to express his thoughts and feelings.
  • Provide an open environment where the patient feels safe to discuss feelings.

3. Impaired Skin Integrity is characterized by erythematous papules, pustules, and cysts inflammatory.

  • The client that the treatment generally takes 4-6 weeks or more.
  • Encourage clients to avoid all forms of friction (scratch by hand, etc.) encourage the client to avoid any skin cream.

5. Risk for infection related to bacterial skin infections.

  • Emphasize the client to not rub or messing ngatiknya acne.
  • Maintain personal hygiene, especially in the area of ​​the hand.

6. Knowledge Deficit related to the triggering factors and the treatment of acne.

  • Emphasize the client that his problems are not associated with uncleanness, error eating, sexual activity, or other misconceptions that are often encountered.
  • Inform about oral medications and topical along with potential side effects.

Nursing Diagnosis

Nursing Diagnosis


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