Nursing Management : Pre-Operative of Colorectal Cancer

Nursing Management of Colorectal Cancer

Client care with bowel surgery:

A. Pre-Operative of Colorectal Cancer

  • Ensure valid signs for the procedure. This is useful for patients and family members to understand the procedures and possible risks and advantages, should alternatives to the preparation procedure. Format signing consent for procedures especially as documentation that the client and the family agreed.
  • Assess the client and family understanding about the procedure, clarification and interpret as needed. Give instructions on what to expect during the postoperative period, covering pain management, hose fitting NGT / IVFD, breathing exercises, reintroduction of oral intake of food and fluids. Clients are well prepared for preoperative usually not anxious and better able to support the post-operative care. Adequate preparation also reduced the need for narcotic analgesics and enhance client recovery.
  • NGT installation. Although the installation is often done in an operating room just for surgery, preoperative NGT can be fitted to throw secretion and gastric emptying.
  • Bowel preparation procedure. Antibiotic should kathartik oral and parenteral and enema / swallow can be given preoperatively to cleanse the colon and reduce the risk of peritoneal contamination by intestinal contents during surgery.

Pre-operative treatment goals:
  1. Relief of pain
  2. Increase activity tolerance
  3. Provide nutritional measures
  4. Maintain fluid and electrolyte balance
  5. Lowers Anxiety
  6. Prevent Infection
  7. Client Pre-operative education
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