Types, Causes and Symptoms of Vertigo

Disease which is also called vestibulars disorders are health problems associated with our balance system, usually the symptoms is feeling spinning (like falling), ear buzzing and sometimes with nausea.

Basically vertigo is a complaint, not a disease. However, this complaint could be a sign of serious illness. So, although not a disease, vertigo should not be underestimated. Vertigo can be a sign of diseases like brain tumor, hypertension (high blood pressure), diabetes mellitus (diabetes), heart, and kidneys. The earlier vertigo will be handled more quickly be overcome.

Types of vertigo

Vertigo is classified into two categories based on the damaged vestibular channels, namely peripheral vertigo and central vertigo. Vestibular canal is one of the organs of the inner ear that always sends information to the brain about the position of the body to maintain balance.

Peripheral vertigo occurs if there is interference on a channel called semicircular canal, the middle ear in charge of controlling the balance.

This type of vertigo is usually followed by symptoms such as:
  • dark outlook
  • fatigue and decreased stamina
  • palpitations
  • loss of balance
  • unable to concentrate
  • feeling like a hangover
  • muscle pain
  • nausea and vomiting
  • memory and thinking power to decline
  • sensitive to bright light and sound
  • sweat

While central vertigo occurs if there is something not normal in the brain, especially in the balance nerve, the area of ​​the brain and cerebellum branching (small brain). Central vertigo symptoms usually occur gradually, the patient will experience things like:
  • double vision
  • hard to swallow
  • paralysis of the facial muscles
  • severe headache
  • impaired consciousness
  • not speechless
  • loss of coordination
  • nausea and vomiting
  • body feels weak

Causes and Symptoms

Complaints usually come sudden vertigo, followed by clinical symptoms of discomfort such as sweating, nausea, and vomiting. Factors causing vertigo are: systemic, neurologic, ophtalmologik, otolaryngology, psychogenic.

Vertigo is often caused by a disturbance in the area centered balance labyrinth or the cochlea in the ear cavity. Possible causes of vertigo include:
  • Infections such as influenza virus that attacks the maze area.
  • Bacterial infection in the middle ear.
  • Arthritis in the neck area.
  • Migraine attack.
  • Too little blood circulation, causing blood flow to decrease brain balance centers.
  • Drunk vehicle.
  • Alcohol and certain drugs.

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