Cesarean Section Pain Management
- Assess comprehensively about pain, including: location, characteristics and the onset, duration, frequency, quality, intensity / severity of pain, and precipitation factors.
- Observation of non-verbal cues of discomfort, especially in the inability to communicate effectively.
- Give analgesics in accordance with the recommendation.
- Use therapeutic communication so that patients can express pain.
- Assess the patient's cultural background.
- Determine the impact of the expression of pain on quality of life: sleep patterns, appetite, activity of cognition, mood, relationships, jobs, role responsibility
- Assess the individual's experience of pain, a family with chronic pain
- Evaluation of the effectiveness of the actions that have been used to control pain.
- Provide support to patients and families.
- Provide information about pain, such as: the causes, how long the case, and precautions.
- Control of environmental factors that may affect patient response to discomfort (such as room temperature, irradiation, etc.).
- Instruct patient to monitor his own pain.
- Teach the use of non-pharmacological techniques (such as relaxation, guided imagery, music therapy, distraction, application of heat and cold, massase).
- Evaluate the effectiveness of measures to control the pain.
- Modification of pain control measures based on patient response.
- Increase the sleep / rest.
- Instruct the patient to discuss precisely the experience of pain.
- Tell your doctor if action is not successful or event of a complaint.
- Inform other healthcare team / family members as non-pharmacological measures carried out, for a preventive approach.
- Monitor patients for pain management convenience.
Provision of Analgesic
- Determine the location of pain, characteristics, quality, and severity before treatment.
- Give the right medicine to the principle 5.
- Check the history of drug allergy.
- Involve the patient in the electoral analgesics to be used.
- Select the appropriate analgesic / analgesic combination of more than one if it has been prescribed.
- Make a selection of analgesics based on the type and severity of pain.
- Monitor vital signs before and after administration of analgesics.
- Monitor adverse drug reactions and medication.
- Document the response after the administration of analgesics and their side effects.
- Perform actions to reduce analgesic effects (constipation / stomach irritation).