Impaired Skin Integrity
Altered epidermis and/or dermis: Invasion of body structures, destruction of skin layers (dermis), and disruption of skin surface (epidermis).
Acne is an infection of the skin, caused by changes in the sebaceous glands. The most common form of acne is called acne vulgaris, which means common acne. The redness comes from the inflammation of the skin in response to the infection.
Oils from the glands combine with dead skin cells to block hair follicles. Under the blocked pore, oil builds up. Skin bacteria can then grow very quickly. This infection makes the skin become swollen and red, which becomes visible.
The face, chest, back, and upper arms are most common places for acne to happen.
Acne is common during puberty, when a person is turning from a child into an adult, because of high levels of hormones. Acne becomes less common as people reach adulthood.
Nursing Diagnosis: Impaired Skin Integrity related to the destruction of skin tissue characterized by papules, pustules, nodes and lesions.
Nursing Interventions for Acne :
1. Encourage clients to avoid all forms of friction (touched, scratched by hand) on the skin.
Rational: Preventing the spread of bacteria that can worsen the infection in the skin lesions.
2. Instruct the patient to be able to treat the skin with a clean and correct.
Rational: the right skin care reduces the risk of accumulation of dirt on the skin.
3. Motivation of patients to keep taking the drugs and foods that contain enough nutrients.
Rational: To expedite the healing process.
4. Observations of erythema and palpated for warmth around the area.
Rational: The warmth is a sign of infection.
5. Collaboration of topical antibiotics.
Rational: To inhibit the growth of bacteria.
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Risk for Infection related to Acne